Anatomy in the past and today

Illustration taken from the 2nd edition of "Margarita Philosophica" by Gregor Reisch, 1504. The arrangement of the organs is incorrect. Move the mouse pointer over the organs and you can see what is wrong.

 

 

 

Fig tree in a herbal book

In the past, people created richly illustrated herbal books. Like that, the commoner could easily treat himself in medical situations with the help of these books. Also, the effect of poisons is well illustrated. For example, we have a picture taken from the herbal book by Hieronymus Bock, 1595. The man in the picture has eaten too many figs. Move the pointer to him, then you can see what happens.

 

 

 

Monster soup

Cartoon by William Heath, 1828. This London woman has cooked her tea with water from the thames. One day, she studied her tea under the microscope. The result was horrible. Why? Move to the grey area and you can see, what is under the microscope.

 

 

 

From Cocaine to Novocaine

Starting in 1884, the ophthalmologist Carl Koller used Cocaine as an anesthesia with eye surgery. It later became a popular narcotic, despite its substantial side effects and great addictiveness. Nevertheless, the industry has been looking for a harmless medium and finally found it with Novocaine in 1905 (pun for "new cocaine").

 

 

 

Hunt's Remedy

With "Hunt's Remedy" William E. Clarke produced from 1872 to 1881 a panacea for the kidneys and the liver. He marketed his product with elaborate colored trading cards and had great success in the USA. Move to the man, then you can see what happens.

 

 

 

Valium

The tablets are not packed into blister in the USA but are sold in cans. Unwanted mixed-ups can especially occur in hospitals because benzodiazepines used in very small dosages and the tablet size remains the same. For the US market special tablet stamps for valium were developed which punch a „V“ into the tablet. This way mixed-ups can not occur anymore. This tablet design inspired numerous artist. For example, Damien Hirst created an oversized valium tablet as sculptures. Or in a painting by Yarek Waszul appears a valium tablet in the style of Andy Warhol. Here is a three-dimensional drawn valium tablet which can be rotated by your mouse in all directions. The mousewheel changes the size.

 

Colafrog

Cola candy named cola frogs exist in Switzerland since 1938. For the first time André Klein from Münchenstein offered the taste of of the well known beverage in the form of smal tents. He modeled it into a frog in order to appeal to many children. The recipe is the same today as it was back then, the taste unmistakable and unique. You can use the slider in order to illustrate the structures oft the cola frog.

 

 

 

Pill for larger breasts

This ad from 1903 promises larger breasts. Hover over the breasts of the woman and get to know more about the miracle drug.

 

 

 

Morphin

If you scratch an unripened poppy seed capsule opium starts flowing in the form of milk. It contains 37 substances such as morphium, codein or thebain. Opium as a whole was administred against pain for a long time. The pharmacist Friedrich Wilhelm Sertürner realized in the beginning oft he 19th century that a dog fell asleep after an opium injection. Sertürner started looking for the sleep inducing substance inside the opium extract. Finally, in 1804, the 21-year-old pharmacist assistent discovered the subsctance which he called morphin, after Morpheus, the Greek god of dreams. That substance was inside optium. But what does Morpheus look like? Move with the mouse over the poppy seed capsule and discover him.

 

kapsel

 

 

Head bandage

It was even in in the middle ages important to make injured soldiers from numerous battles fit for war as soon as quickly as possible. Therefor field surgery as well as precise bandage techniques were crucial. Here you can see several head bandages which were taken from a 1763 copperplate engraving from the work „Chirurgie“ by Lorenz Heister. Hover with the mouse over the heads and see the colored versions.

 

 

 

 

Anatomical Preparations

Andreas Vesal was the first, who prapared anatomical preparations in the 16th century. About 300 years later, new opportunities allowed to fix bones and intestines to create a permanent conserved anatomical preparation for medical use. By the way: The historic museum in Berne shows an exhibition about dance of the dead till 17th April 2017.

 

Tanzendes Skelett 640 8

 

 

Quiz on the History of Medicine

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